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Five tendencies of connected and automotive cars to advance in 2019

Five tendencies of connected and automotive cars to advance in 2019

Connected cars are popular among investors. As reported by PwC, the global industry market would surge over 122 bn EUR by 2021. It allows automakers to provide a constant flow of new solutions and improve existing products. Let us delve into five main directions of connected cars development in 2019.

V2V and V2I as a driving force of connected cars development

The number of cars supporting V2V (vehicle-2-vehicle) technology is not big, but there are lots of concept arts. Nonetheless, major industry players have been working on new products as far as 2015.

For instance, Japanese corporation Toyota Motor introduced about 100 thousand connected cars to the domestic market in 2015. The automaker intends to present new V2V-fitted cars in 2021. By the mid-2020s, most of Toyota and Lexus models will be equipped with Dedicated Short-Range Communications (DSRC). German Volkswagen AG also adopted the trend claiming to manufacture V2V-imbedded cars throughout 2019.

What is more, 2019 may greet vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) technology that allows a car to connect to traffic facilities: traffic lights, petrol stations, RWIS systems, etc.

The UK maintains the lead in this sphere. In November 2018, British project V2I from Highways England began elaborating the A2/M2 connected corridor in Kent. It aims at the implementation of technology into a motorway, which would allow autos with Wi-Fi to connect to traffic systems and lights. A 19 km road section is expected to be connected by spring 2019. If trials are successful, the project will last until 2020.

AI – second and single pilot in your automobile

Cars fitted with autopilots and virtual assistants are pretty popular on the market. Among the leaders, there are Mercedes-Benz with Concept IAA model presented in 2018, Tesla and its Tesla Model X, Audi AG with models A8L 3.0 Quattro and e.GO Mover.

Most of the automakers use NVIDIA Pegasus model that builds artificial intelligence in car interface. This software is integrated into a car’s information and entertainment system as a virtual assistant. It reacts to voice requests, provides real-time data as well as the best route. Thus, the system is partly responsible for driving.

Currently, a full self-driving system is available in several real car marques. One of the most impressive experiments in the field is carried out by Waymo (Google). Its cars have no driving wheel nor operation board. Today, more than a dozen autonomous cars of the company can be seen on the US roads. They navigate the road using Google Street View, multiple video cameras, and laser space scanner LIDAR. Total mileage accounts for about 500 thousand km. By the way, a Google-developed autopilot got into just one accident, and it was another car’s fault.

Electrification. Everywhere

As given by the statistics of the UK’s Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders (SMMT), one out of 12 Britons bought a hybrid or fully self-driving vehicle in August 2018. It also showed the rise in demand for electric cars by 88.7%.

Compared to internal combustion engines, electric motors are easier in terms of manufacturing, which attracts investors. This tendency is expected to endure in 2019, but its focus will move to refilling stations and hybrid infrastructure.

While the industry continues growing, such heavyweights as Daimler, BMW, Ford, and VW started their project called Ionity. Its aim is to supply Europe with a network of refilling stations located at fewer than 120 km from each other.

Electric vehicle batteries are also being improved. Half an hour will be enough to charge up to 80% of a battery of Audi’s first production electric car, and that’s after 400 km driving. According to the company representatives, the following generation of their batteries will take only 12 min to charge. This would make refilling time of traditional and electric cars equal.

Modification of insurance systems and cyber security boosting

One of the first cyberattacks on connected cars was registered as far as 2015. Hackers damaged Jeep Cherokee’s dashboard and managed to take remote control over windscreen wipers, audio wipers, and what makes things even worse, speed.

Nonetheless, cyber security issues were taken into consideration not long ago. In 2017, the US government issued the Security and Privacy in Your Car Study Act. It stipulates that the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has to investigate standards necessary for the secure existence of connected autos. Since this time, no more information about the bill is available just like actions of other countries in terms of legal regulation of connected cars.

Martin Hron, Security Expert at Avast, recommends drivers to thoroughly learn all security issues concerning their products. “Automakers have to integrate cyber security during a design phase. The majority of changes has to be built in hardware components,” thinks the specialist.

Vehicle insurance systems also went through changes. Currently, insurance companies have to consider that connected cars can be produced from special details and require a special mechanic for maintenance. On the other hand, data from such cars would allow to track their driving manner and speed. Representatives of Maiden Insurance Partnerships reckon that this information would be used for insurance calculation in the long run.

ADAS: active safety measures

Advanced  driver assistance systems, or ADAS, are improved systems to help the driver in the driving process. They are designed to boost automobile safety and whole traffic.

Here is the list of the examples:

  • adaptive cruise control that slows down or speeds up a car depending on vehicles ahead (compatible both with self-shifting and stick-shift autos);
  • adaptive lighting system that adjusts the geometry of light beams of headlamps depending on the weather and traffic;
  • smart parking system that directs a vehicle to the designated parking lot with minimum driver’s assistance;
  • road signs recognition system that reacts to the most important traffic signs: speed limits, falling stones, etc.

Every automaker fits connected cars with special systems that as a rule are not interdependent. That is why sensors and data processing means are not unified and often duplicate information.

It is anticipated that within 2019-2020, automakers would start elaborating a single computing center for all connected cars. Such companies as IBM, Intel, Cisco, Google, Amazon, and Nokia currently maintain this trend – they collaborate in order to create a neural network enabling self-training of cars.

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