Russia is going to enter the market of driverless cars by 2025. KAMAZ, Volgobas, Central Scientific Research Automobile and Automotive Engines Institute (NAMI) and others have already unveiled their prototypes. The first on-road driverless truck testing is scheduled for 2018.
KAMAZ self-driving truck
Cognitive Technologies company together with KAMAZ were the first to unveil self-driving truck in February 2015. Various tests at the site were conducted at the same time in Naberezhnye Chelny. Nevertheless, on-road testing is quite a different story. The truck should be able not only to deliver goods from point A to point B, but also to navigate in the city, given the traffic and people.
First tests are scheduled for 2018, prototypes will be tested on Kazan – Naberezhnye Chelny route. About 42 billion rubles have already been spent on the project.
KAMAZ trucks use the C-Pilot system, the developers are improving it now and promise to make the car completely self-driving by 2023.
Shuttle bus and MatrЁshka
NAMI is developing and promoting self-driving vehicles as well. Engineers tried to turn Lada Kalina into a self-driving car, but switched to developing a driverless shuttle bus in 2017.
Shuttle is designed for 12 people and is capable of speeds up to 40 km/h. It is able to pick up passengers and carry them to certain stops.
The Volgobas company does not lag behind competitors. Its MatrЁshka bus can carry up to 8 people. However, tests of a new bus are conducted now at the site only.
The president of Russia visited Yandex to see its new driverless car
Yandex.Taxi was the one to make the biggest reveal of its self-driving car. First tests at the site were conducted in May, and the prototype was demonstrated to Vladimir Putin on September 21. The maximum speed of the vehicle is 13 km\h. Complex tests are scheduled for the next year.
Experts foresee a great benefit from using self-driving vehicles – from breakdown reduce to 30% reduction in road fatalities. Moreover, it will be a huge step for the Russian IT sector.
According to experts, such job as driver will either change, or completely die. Mass strikes can also occur in this context, like protests around the Platon system.
In general, the changes are likely to benefit: it will take only a pair of tapes on the phone's screen to call a safe driverless taxi, road signs and inspectors of the traffic police will disappear because they will no longer be required.
However, this will all happen later. There will be only 10-15% of self-driving cars on the road in the near future, and that fact will not affect overall economy significantly. Developers, experts and enthusiasts are still more than optimistic.