Smart Parking Lots as Part of Innovative Transport Infrastructure
According to the report of IoT Analytics, global expenses for smart parking lot solutions will be $3.8 billion by 2023. Smart parking lots are an essential part of the connected transport infrastructure.
The article provides more information about parking spaces with IoT connection and automation.
Smart Parking Lots: Operational Concept
The key goal of smart parking lots is to help drivers to find the most convenient vacant area faster. Such solutions are frequently based on sensors, LPWAN, and automation.
Sensors can be mounted (for car security and monitoring) and ground-based for registering objects within a parking place.
One more trend is the development and integration of automated parking lots (primarily multilevel ones) where drivers’ actions are minimized. For example, drivers go to a special platform and get out of the car, while the platform transfers their vehicles to the reserved or free space on its own, informing drivers of its number. To obtain the car back, the owner should sign in and pay for the service using the panel or the mobile app. Then the platform will put the vehicle on the platform.
LPWAN is a power-efficient wireless network allowing to transmit a limited volume of data at the large territorial coverage. It is designed for distributed telemetry networks, machine-to-machine communication, and the Internet of Things. Parking services use this technology to supervise car flows and control the occupation of parking spaces.
Challenges solved by smart parking lots:
- wasting of extra time. Due to connected technologies, drivers can pay for parking via their smartphones or automatically when arriving to the place. It significantly saves time, which is quite valuable to citizens of megalopolises;
- high crowding of public transport. This issue can be solved by carpooling, a technology allowing to find fellow travelers from the parking lot to the required point of destination through the social mobile app. Drivers can take even several passengers at once;
- lack of parking space. Hotels, restaurants, museums, sports facilities, and other public places often fail to provide their guests with the sufficient amount of parking spaces. The solution can be rotatory or lifting parking lots. Unlike conventional parking lots, they allow to place vehicles edgewise and heightwise more closely: cars are parked by a robot or an elevator that lifts them to the vacant territory.
Smart Parking Lots in Russia
Smart parking lots are becoming popular in Russian public places. One of the most spectacular case studies of implementing smart parking lots in the country is the 2016’s project called Parking Space of Rostov-on-Don. As part of the public and private partnership, City Parking and Parking Space of Rostov-on-Don have managed to relieve central streets from passenger car traffic and prevent traffic violation.
The project is based on traditional network services and IoT technologies: STRIZH parking smart sensors track the condition of 192 parking territories.
Currently, one thousand electromagnetic transducers in Rostov-on-Don provide the broad picture of city center crowding. Two LPWAN stations collect the signal of devices’ distributed network and send it to the parking space management server. As soon as a vehicle leaves the parking lot, data on the vacant place is sent to the operator and directly to information screens. Therefore, the city has installed 13 navigation online boards for drivers.
“The Parking Space is an excellent example of the public and private partnership. Now, guests and inhabitants of Rostov-on-Don can move across the relieved historic center quickly and comfortably, while funds derived from parking payments go to the local budget,” Igor Guskov, First Deputy Governor of the Rostov Region, explained.